Basque households scored a “Good” overall in the Environmental Indicator
The lowest mark was in the Consumption Guidelines section, which they failed (3.9)
Basque families scored 6.4 in the Environmental Indicator, according to data provided by Eustat. This indicator is obtained from a synthesis of 75 questions in the 2008 Family Environmental Survey.
Partial indicators of 7 aspects are also included, in addition to the average value of the Environmental Indicator. The highest indicators were for Disposal of Regular Waste (7.6) and Disposal of Periodic Waste (7.4), both of which were very good scores, followed by Energy Saving (6.9), Environmental Attitude (6.3) and Water Saving (6.3).
The Basque families barely passed when it came to Transport and Mobility (5.5) and their worst score was for Consumption Guidelines (3.9).
here were significant differences in these average values between the social groups that make up the Basque Population. Therefore, the lowest scores for the Environmental Indicator were among foreigners and people who were illiterate or who had not finished primary education (6.2) and the highest score was obtained for the province of Álava as a whole (6.5).
Some similar happened with the Water Saving partial indicator: the lowest score was among those that were illiterate or who had not finished primary education (6.0) and the highest scores were for the province of Álava as a whole (6.6). This can also be said about the Disposal of Periodic Waste indicator, which ranged between 6.2 (foreigners) and 7.9 (Álava as a whole), even though the difference in this case was not particularly notable.
The indicator that received the highest scores was Disposal of Regular Waste, whose minimum value (7.2) was among people who had finished compulsory secondary education, but even in that case the score was very good, and the maximum of 8.3 in the towns with 20,000 to 50,000 inhabitants.
The Environmental Attitude Indicator seems to be closely related to the level of Education, as the lowest score (6.1) was among people who were illiterate and those who had not completed primary education and the highest (6.5) was among those that had a degree or post-graduate education. However, the differences were not particularly notable.
With respect to the Transport and Mobility section, the difference was between the poor score of people aged between 16 and 44 (4.8) and the good score of low-income families, under €1,100 per month (6.7).
Finally, none of the groups managed to score a pass mark when it came to Consumption Guidelines: the best scores came from people who had higher vocational studies (4.3), while people who were illiterate or had not completed primary education were at the bottom (3.3).
Nearly 25% of the residents of Alava obtained a high Environmental Indicator.
High was considered to be a set of scores for the Index over very good (from 7 to 10), where Álava had 22.7% of families in this bracket, which was also the case of 21.4% of the unemployed and 20.3% of the people with higher vocational studies. At the other end of the scale, there was Gipuzkoa, with only 11.1% scoring very good in the indicator and the towns with 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants (11.3%).
Given the way that the indicator was set up and the items used as the basis for the Family Environmental Survey, very few collectives had a significant proportion of families with low levels (between 0 and 3), and in those cases, particularly noteworthy were the people who were illiterate or had not completed primary studies (1.3%) and housewives/husbands (1%).
Eustat conducted this Environmental Survey - Families in conjunction with the Spanish National Statistics Institute (INE) and the institutes of Andalusia (IEA), Catalonia (IDESCAT) and Galicia (IGE), as part of the 2008 Environment and Households Survey, which aims to establish the appliances, habits and attitudes of families towards the environment.